The essential process in sexual reproduction, involving the union of two specialized haploid cells, the gametes, to give a diploid cell, the zygote, which then develops to form a new organism.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • Fertilization — Fer ti*li*za tion, n. 1. The act or process of rendering fertile. [1913 Webster] 2. (Biol.) The act of fecundating or impregnating animal or vegetable germs; esp., the process by which in flowers the pollen renders the ovule fertile, or an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fertilization — is the process of combining the male gamete, or "sperm," with the female gamete, or "ovum." The product of this combination is a cell called a zygote. * * * The process beginning with penetration of the secondary oocyte by the …   Medical dictionary

  • fertilization — fertilization. См. сингамия. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • fertilization — 1857, noun of action from FERTILIZE (Cf. fertilize) …   Etymology dictionary

  • fertilization — (Amer.) fer·ti·li·za·tion || ‚fÉœrtlaɪ zeɪʃn /‚fɜːtɪl n. impregnation, insemination; act of enriching the soil by the addition of organic or chemical substances (also fertilisation) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • fertilization — fertilizational, adj. /ferr tl euh zay sheuhn/, n. 1. an act, process, or instance of fertilizing. 2. the state of being fertilized. 3. Biol. a. the union of male and female gametic nuclei. b. fecundation or impregnation of animals or plants. 4.… …   Universalium

  • fertilization — The union of two gametes from opposite sexes to form a zygote. Typically, each gamete contains a haploid set of chromosomes. Hence the zygotic nucleus contains a diploid set of chromosomes. Several categories can be distinguished: 1. Self… …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • fertilization — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. impregnation, procreation, pollination; enrichment. See production. II (Roget s IV) n. 1. [The enrichment of land] Syn. manuring, dressing, preparation, covering, liming, mulching, spreading,… …   English dictionary for students

  • fertilization — tręšimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Trąšų ir dirvožemį gerinančių medžiagų naudojimas. atitikmenys: angl. fertilization rus. внесение удобрений; удобрение …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • fertilization — tręšimas statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Agrotechnikos priemonė, kuri padeda trąšomis didinti žemės ūkio augalų derlių, gerinti dirvožemio kokybę. atitikmenys: angl. fertilization; fertilizing vok. Düngung, f; Mästung, f rus …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • fertilization — apvaisinimas statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Dirbtinai sukeltas procesas, kurio metu susilieja lytinės ląstelės ir susidaro kokybiškai nauja ląstelė zigota, iš kurios rutuliuojasi naujas organizmas. atitikmenys: angl. fertilization… …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

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